Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology

This Department is the science of drug action on biological systems. In its entirety, it embraces knowledge of the sources, chemical properties, biological effects and therapeutic uses of drugs. It is a science that is basic not only to medicine, but also to pharmacy, nursing, dentistry and veterinary medicine. Pharmacological studies range from those that determine the effects of chemical agents upon subcellular mechanisms, to those that deal with the potential hazards of pesticides and herbicides, to those that focus on the treatment and prevention of major diseases by drug therapy. Pharmacologists are also involved in molecular modeling of drugs, and the use of drugs as tools to dissect aspects of cell function. Pharmaceutics is the discipline of pharmacy that deals with delivering biologically active compounds to the body through strategies that are designed to elicit an optimal therapeutic response. An understanding of pharmaceutics allows scientists to convert a potential drug into an effective medicine that can be administered to patients in an effective, safe and convenient manner. Pharmaceutics department concentrates on five main areas of study: – Dosage form design, the development of the most appropriate form or method for administering a pharmaceutical compound. – Biopharmaceutics, the study of absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion of drugs and toxins in the body. – Pharmacokinetics, the study of the disposition of a drug or toxin once it enters the body, especially in relation to time and concentration. – Drug Delivery, the design of medical interventions, carriers and vehicles from macro-scale to the scale of molecules and atoms to deliver drugs or genes to its target organs. – Industrial Pharmacy, linking students with the pharmaceutical manufacturing facilities.